Blueberry

This popular small fruit bears masses of berries which might be pleasant whilst eaten fresh, utilized in pies, cakes, or pancakes, or added as a fruit topping for breakfast cereals. Also, blueberry plant life upload beauty to the panorama while grown in beds, rows or as a hedge along the property border. Blueberry-growing presents a assignment due to the fact the plant life require soils which might be acid, well-drained, free and high in organic remember. These sorts of soils aren’t common in most areas of the kingdom. However, blueberry plants can be very long-lived (25 years or more), so the big time and expense in making ready the soil is properly worth the effort.

‘Premier’ Rabbiteye blueberries (Vaccinium virgatum) ripening in late June.Joey Williamson, ©2015 HGIC, Clemson ExtensionRecommended Varieties

There are three major varieties of cultivated blueberries that may be grown within the Southeast: rabbiteye, Southern highbush and Northern highbush. This reality sheet specializes in the rabbiteye and Southern highbush kinds, as they’re extra adapted to the South Carolina weather and soils.

In standard, rabbiteye blueberries (Vaccinium virgatum) are the maximum adaptable, productive and pest-tolerant of the 3 sorts of blueberries. Except for better mountain elevations, rabbiteye cultivars are adapted to all of South Carolina. In wellknown, rabbiteye blueberries have a super degree of self-incompatibility; consequently, no less thanvarieties is required for adequate move-pollination to make sure maximum fruit.
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Chilling hours are listed for plenty cultivars, and this requirement manner that the blueberry flowers want to be uncovered to a enough range of hours of winter temperatures beneath forty five °F in an effort to produce flowers. The chilling hours in SC range among 1000 to 1200 hours inside the top Piedmont to as low as 400 to 600 hours close to the coast.

Southeastern U.S. Region map displaying approximate minimal wide variety of chilling hours through country/region. Note: 4 chilling hour zones for South Carolina with yellow arrows.

The following rabbiteye cultivars are recommended in South Carolina.

Early season cultivars:Climax: Plants require 450 chilling hours. This cultivar has a concentrated fruit set with small to medium sized fruit. Recommended cross pollination with Premier or Austin.Krewer™: PP 28623. Requires four hundred to 450 chilling hours. Fruit are very huge and have a completely favorable firmness and sweet taste. It is a accomplice to Titan and suitable for industrial growing, pick your personal operations, and home gardens.Vernon: PP19291. Requires 450 hours of chilling. Flowers 7 days after Climax, however ripens earlier than Climax and Premier. Fruit are massive, firmness is top notch, and feature top flavor and shade. Recommended go pollination with Alapaha.Alapaha: PP16266. Requires 450 to 500 chilling hours. This cultivar has a medium length fruit with proper firmness and flavor. Flowers 7 to ten days after Climax, which facilitates avoid spring freeze damage to plant life. Recommended move pollination with Vernon.Austin: Plants require 500 chilling hours. Plants are effective and convey medium-massive berries. Recommended cross pollination with Climax or Premier.Titan™: PP24135. Requires 500 to 550 hours of chilling. Fruit are very big – larger than Vernon or Premier. Flavor and colour are suitable, however fruit may additionally crack underneath wet situations all through ripening. Recommended move pollination with Vernon and Krewer.Premier: Requires 550 chilling hours. Plants produce medium to large sized fruit. Recommended go pollination with Austin or Alapaha.

Midseason cultivars:Brightwell: Requires 400 chilling hours. Fruits are medium to large size, however may additionally cut up during wet weather. Recommended pass pollination with Austin or Premier.Powderblue: Plants require 600 chilling hours. Plants have appropriate production of medium sized, mild blue fruit. Recommended go pollination with Tifblue or Brightwell.Tifblue: Requires 650 chilling hours. Plants produce small to medium size fruit, which should get fully ripe or they’ll be tart.

Late season cultivars:Baldwin: This overdue maturing cultivar requires 450 to 500 chilling hours. The flowers have mild yield and high vigor. The fruit are large, of properly nice and very darkish blue coloration. Cross pollinate with Brightwell, Powderblue, and Centurian.Centurian: Centurian plants want 550 to 600 chilling hours for fruiting. The fruit are superb pleasant, medium-sized, organization, and darkish-blue. The fruit may additionally crack with heavy rainfall. Pollinate with Brightwell, Ochlockonee, and Powderblue.Ochlockonee: PP17300. Requires 650 to 700 chilling hours. This cultivar is very productive with fruit larger than Tifblue. Fruit has right colour, firmness and flavor. Recommended go pollination with Powderblue.Onslow: This cultivar has fruit slightly larger and darker than Powderblue. For fruiting the vegetation require 500 to six hundred chilling hours. The plant life are efficient and vigorous. It has been stated that Onslow may additionally tolerate soils of a better pH than different cultivars. The fruit are large, with superb firmness and a medium blue coloration.

Southern highbush blueberries are hybrids derived from crosses among Northern highbush blueberries (V. corymbosum) and native Southern species, particularly Darrow’s evergreen blueberry (V. darrowi). Southern highbush cultivars, similarly to decrease chilling requirements, additionally have extra tolerance to high summer season temperatures, extremely more drought tolerance and develop advanced fruit fine below Southern developing conditions. Mulch flora with pine straw to conserve soil moisture, however do no longer over-water Southern highbush flora if grown in heavy, poorly drained clay soils.

As a rule, Southern highbush blueberries are self-fertile. However, large and earlier-ripening berries result if several cultivars are interplanted for go-pollination. The following Southern highbush blueberries are encouraged for the house garden.

Early season cultivars:Georgia Dawn™: PP16756. Plants require three hundred to four hundred chilling hours. Fruit are medium to large size with a medium darkish blue shade. Fruit have perfect firmness with great taste. Plants are vigorous growers and really early ripening. Recommended pass pollination with Rebel.Palmetto: PP17656. Chilling requirement is 350 to 450 hours. Fruit are medium sized with a medium dark blue colour with desirable firmness. Plants are very productive and have precise power. Recommended pass pollination with Suziblue.Rebel: PP18138. Plants require 400 to 450 chilling hours. The fruit are big with appropriate to great colour and firmness. Fruit can come to be bland in the event that they continue to be at the plant too long. Plants are productive. Recommended cross pollination with Suziblue.Southern Slendour: PP22692. Fruit are medium to medium-huge, very organization and with exquisite taste. Plants produce a medium yield. The chilling requirement is 450 to 550 hours. Recommended pass pollination with Suziblue.Blue Suede™: PP21222. Plants are efficient with appealing light blue fruit. Fruit are big and flavorful. The chilling requirement is 500 to 550 hours. Recommended cross pollination with Camellia or Palmetto. The fall foliage has a deep red coloration.Summer Sunset™: PP implemented for. Chilling requirement is 500 to 550 hours. Fruit are medium sized and multi-colored as they go through the tiers of ripening (first yellow-green, then orange-red, to crimson, to pink, and subsequently black). The plant is energetic. Recommended pass pollination with Titan.

Midseason cultivars: Suziblue: PP21167. The chilling requirement is 400 hours or much less. This cultivar has fruit that are huge, with excellent firmness, and precise taste. Plants are vigorous. Recommended pass pollination with Rebel.Camellia: PP18151. The chilling requirement is 500 hours. The fruit are big, company and flavorful. The plants are full of life growers. Recommended pass pollination with Suziblue.